Journals →  Gornyi Zhurnal →  2023 →  #10 →  Back

ArticleName Cyanidation of oxidized copper-bearing gold ore
DOI 10.17580/gzh.2023.10.01
ArticleAuthor Zalesov M. V., Petrov G. V.

Saint-Petersburg Mining University of Empress Catherine II, Saint-Petersburg, Russia
M. V. Zalesov, Post-Graduate Student
G. V. Petrov, Professor, Doctor of Engineering Sciences,


Copper-bearing gold ores and concentrates are rebellious materials, and the most common problem in processing such feedstock is the high consumption of cyanide. Alongside with ecological and economic difficulties associated with cyanide consumption, subject to conditions of cyanidation and composition of feedstock, the complexity is added with the phenomenon of gold preg-robbing by copper, formation of films on the surface of gold and copper minerals, and adsorption of copper cyanides at activated coal. This article examines the influence of NaCN co ncentration on the useful component recovery from copper-bearing gold ore; estimates the adverse effect of accumulated copper impurities on cyanidation performance, discusses the ways of reducing copper accumulation in cyanidation solution. The test object is oxidized copper-bearing gold ore with the contents of Au 5.89 g/t and Cu 1.06 %. The reduction range of the feedstock was 90 % of the size of –71+0 μm. The review of research projects and production experience in the field of processing of copper-bearing gold ores and concentrates allows drawing conclusions that the optimal process flow charts for such feedstock can vary greatly depending on the chemical, phase and mineral composition of the materials. Despite the difficulties involved in processing of copper-bearing copper materials, there are many types of ore containing copper and gold in sufficient concentrations to make production of one of the components or both justified.
The authors highly appreciate participation of A. Ya. Boduen, Director of the Hydrometallurgical Department, RIVS Group, Candidate of Engineering Sciences, in this study.

keywords Rebellious ore, recovery, copper, gold, cyanidation, pre-treatment, ammonium–cyanide leaching

1. Botz M., Marsden J. Heap Leach Production Modeling: A Spreadsheet-Based Technique. Mining Metallurgy and Exploration. 2019. Vol. 36, Iss. 2. pp. 1041–1052.
2. Fedotov P. K., Senchenko A. E., Fedotov K. V., Burdonov A. E. Analysis of industrial studies of gold ores of a Chukotka deposit. Obogashchenie Rud. 2018. No. 2. pp. 23–29.
3. Fedotov P. K., Senchenko A. E., Fedotov K. V., Burdonov A. E. Influence of ore processing behavior on heap-leach cyanidation and agitation leaching efficiency. Eurasian Mining. 2022. No. 1. pp. 55–58.
4. Forson P., Skinner W., Asamoah R. Investigating the selective flotation of auriferous arsenian pyrite from refractory ores using thionocarbamate. Power Technology. 2023. Vol. 426. DOI: 10.1016/j.powtec.2023.118649
5. Zhonglin Dong, Tao Jiang, Bin Xu, Bangsheng Zhang, Guiqing Liu et al. A systematic and comparative study of copper, nickel and cobalt-ammonia catalyzed thiosulfate processes for eco-friendly and efficient gold extraction from an oxide gold concentrate. Separation and Purification Technology. 2021. Vol. 272. DOI: 10.1016/j.seppur.2021.118929
6. Meretukov M. A. In situ leaching of copper ores. Part 2. Tsvetnye Metally. 2018. No. 4. pp. 41–43.
7. Yessengarayev Ye. K., Baimbetov B. S., Surimbayev B. N. Studies on heap leaching of gold with the addition of sodium acetate as an intensifying reagent. Non-Ferrous Metals. 2020. No. 2. pp. 25–30.
8. Maslenitskiy I. N., Chugaev L. V., Borbat V. F., Nikitin M. V., Strizhko L. S. Metallurgy of noble metals : Textbook. 2nd revised and enlarged edition. Moscow : Metallurgiya, 1987. 432 p.
9. Boduen A. Ya., Petrov G. V., Kobylyansky A. A., Bulaev A. G. Sulfide leaching of highgrade arsenic copper concentrates. Obogashchenie Rud. 2022. No. 1. pp. 14–19.
10. Zakharov B. A., Meretukov M. A. Gold: Refractory ores. Moscow : Ruda i Metally, 2013. 452 p.
11. Hedjazi F., Monhemius A. J. Industrial application of ammonia assisted cyanide leaching for copper-gold ores. Minerals Engineering. 2018. Vol. 126. pp. 123–129.
12. Strizhko L. S., Bobozoda Sh., Boboev I. R., Berger B. R. Extraction of gold from goldcopper raw materials. Tsvetnye Metally. 2014. No. 6. pp. 37–41.
13. Muir D. M. A review of the selective leaching of gold from oxidised copper–gold ores with ammonia–cyanide and new insights for plant control and operation. Minerals Engineering. 2011. Vol. 24, Iss. 6. pp. 576−582.
14. Muir D. M., La Brooy S. R., Fenton K. Processing copper-gold ores with ammonia or ammonia-cyanide solutions. Proceedings of the World Gold’91 Conference. Cairns, 1991. pp. 145–150.
15. Yannopoulos J. C. The Extractive Metallurgy of Gold. New York : Springer, 1991. 296 p.
16. Yu Zhang, Zhaoheng Fang, Mamoun Muhammed. On the solution chemistry of cyanidation of gold and silver bearing sulphide ores. A critical evaluation of thermodynamic calculations. Hydrometallurgy. 1997. Vol. 46, Iss. 3. pp. 251–269.
17. Kakovskiy I. A., Potashnikov Yu. M. Kinetics of dissolution processes. Moscow : Metallurgiya, 1975. 224 p.
18. Kakovskiy I. A., Naboychenko S. S. Thermodynamics and kinetics of hydrometallurgical processes. Alma-Ata : Nauka, 1986. 271 p.
19. Adams M. D., Swaney S. J., Friedl J., Wagner F. E. Preg-robbing minerals in gold ores and residues. Hidden Wealth : Conference. Johannesburg : South African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, 1996. pp. 163–172.
20. Nguyen H. H., Tran T., Wong P. L. M. Copper interaction during the dissolution of gold. Minerals Engineering. 1997. Vol. 10, Iss. 5. pp. 491–505.
21. Dai X., Jeffrey M. I., Breuer P. L. A mechanist ic model of the equilibrium adsorption of copper cyanide species onto activated carbon. Hydrometallurgy. 2010. Vol. 101, Iss. 3-4. pp. 99–107.
22. Barchenkov V. V. How to recover adsorbability of activated coal. Zolotodobycha. 2017. No. 221(4). pp. 8–13.

Language of full-text russian
Full content Buy