Journals →  CIS Iron and Steel Review →  2023 →  #2 →  Back

Casting and Material Science
ArticleName Managing the properties of cast products made from alloys of various structural classes using nitrided materials
DOI 10.17580/cisisr.2023.02.06
ArticleAuthor N. A. Feoktistov

Nosov Magnitogorsk State Technical University (Magnitogorsk, Russia)

N. A. Feoktistov, Cand. Eng., Associate Prof., Head of the Dept. of Foundry production and Material Science, e-mail:


The article presents the research results aimed at studying the influence of the chemical composition and thermal conditions of crystallization on the level of the properties of cast iron and wear-resistant steels, which are used for manufacture of replaceable components of mining industry units as well as metallurgical production facilities. The literature review states that the level of properties of cast products is significantly influenced by both the alloy chemical composition and the thermal conditions of casting formation in the mold. Managing the process of microstructure of cast products formation at the stages of primary and secondary crystallization, it is possible to obtain various parameters of the structures in the cast state of products. The resulting cast structure will determine further the parameters of microstructure after heat treatment, as well as the level of operation and mechanical properties. Experimental castings made of high-manganese steel, hypereutectoid steel and cast iron for rolls were obtained in laboratory conditions. In order to assess the complex influence of ther-mal conditions of formation of the cast products and the alloy chemical composition, experi-mental castings were obtained in casting moulds that are made from materials with different heat storage abilities. Further, the obtained cast products were tested in the conditions of abrasive and shock-abrasive wear. During the metallographic study of structures of experimental castings, quantitative characteristics of microstructures in the form of grain sizes, amount of carbide and graphite phases were determined, and the influence of thermal conditions of formation of the cast product in the mould on these parameters of microstructure was assessed. Moreover, the influence of alloying elements and nitrogen on the structure of the selected casting alloys was evaluated. At the final research stage, the operation and mechanical properties of the obtained castings were studied. The complex influence of chemical composition and thermal conditions of casting formation a casting mould on the level of operation and mechanical properties was established. The concentration intervals, in which the properties of experimental castings have maximal values, were determined.

The research was carried out within the framework of the project of Ural interregional scientific and educational center (UMNOTs) “Advanced production technologies and materials”, the project No. 2022-26.

keywords Wear resistance, cast iron for rolls, hypereutectoid steel, high-manganese steel, microstructure, nitrogen, grain, carbide phase

1. Vdovin K. N., Savinov A. S., Feoktistov N. A. Technological features of manufacture of large-size steel castings. Izdatelstvo Magnitogorskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta. 2015. 195 p.
2. Nasajpour A., Kokabi A. H., Davami P., Nikzad S. Effect of molybdenum on mechanical and abrasive wear properties of coating of as weld Hadfield steel with flux-cored gas tungsten arc welding. Journal of Alloys and Compounds. 2016. Vol. 659. pp. 262–269.
3. Gimaletdinov R. Kh., Gulakov A. A., Tukhvatulin I. Kh., Petrov A. V. et al. Development of manufacture of sheet rolling rolls from advanced materials at Kushvinskiy works for rolling rolls. Metallurg. 2021. No.2. pp. 36-41.
4. Tsybrov S. V., Vdovin K. N., Zaitseva A. A. Improvement of operating properties in indefinite rolls produced by centrifugal casting. Liteishchik Rossii. 2012. No. 3. pp. 30-33.
5. Arapov S. L., Belyaev S. V., Kosovich A. A. et al. Application of mathematical statistics to improve Hadfield steel casting impact strength. Metallurgist. 2023. Vol. 66. pp. 1083–1091.
6. Deng G. Y., Zhu H. T., Tieu A.K., Su L.H., Reid M. Theoretical and experimental investigation of thermal and oxidation behaviours of a high speed steel work roll during hot rolling. International Journal of Mechanical Sciences. 2017. Vol. 12. pp. 811–826.
7. Filippov M. A., Gervasyev M. A., Khudorozhkova Yu. V., Legchilo V. V. Influence of quenching temperature on phase composition, structure and wear resistance of steel 150KhNM. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnukh zavedeniy. Chernaya metallurgiya. 2013. No. 11. pp. 55-58.
8. Kolokoltsev V. M., Vdovin K. N., Chernov V. P., Feoktistov N. A., Gorlenko D. A., Dubrovin V. K. Study of the mechanisms of abrasive and shock-abrasive wear in high-manganese steel. Vestnik Magnitogorskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo unversiteta im. G. I. Nosova. 2017. Vol. 15. No. 2. pp. 54–62.
9. Gorlenko D., Vdovin K., Feoktistov N.. Mechanisms of cast structure and stressed state formation in Hadfield steel. China Foundry. 2016. Vol. 13. No. 6. pp. 433–442.
10. Renlong Х., Huabei P., Haitao S., Wanhu Z., Yuhua W. Thermodynamic calculation of stacking fault energy of the Fe–Mn–Si–C high manganese steels. Materials science and engineering. 2014. Vol. 598. No. 26. pp. 376–386.
11. Bublikov Yu. A., Polyakov G. A., Podgornyi S. N. Analysis of the methods for steel alloying by nitrogen. Metallurgiya mashinostroeniya. 2018. No. 4. pp. 5–11.
12. Naumenko V. V., Shlyamnev A. P., Filippov G. A. Nitrogen in austenite stainless steels of different alloying systems. Metallurg. 2011, No. 6. pp. 46–53.
13. Najafabadi V. N., Amini K., Alamdarlo M. B. Investigating the effect of titanium addition on the wear resistance of Hadfield steel. Metall Res. Technol. 2014. Vol. 111. No. 6. pp. 375–382.
14. Chen Chen, Bo Lv, Hua Ma, Dongyun Sun, Fucheng Zhang. Wear behavior and the corresponding work hardening characteristics of Hadfield steel. Tribology International. 2018. Vol. 121. pр. 389-399.
15. Feoktistov N. A. Formation of structure and properties of hypereutectoid roll steel. Chernye metally. 2023. No. 6. pp. 47–51.

Full content Managing the properties of cast products made from alloys of various structural classes using nitrided materials