Journals →  Tsvetnye Metally →  2023 →  #5 →  Back

ArticleName Understanding the texture forming in low-alloy aluminium alloys at early stage of thermomechanical treatment
DOI 10.17580/tsm.2023.05.09
ArticleAuthor Aryshenskiy E. V., Konovalov S. V., Yashin V. V., Litovchenko I. Yu.

Samara National Research University, Samara, Russia:

E. V. Aryshenskiy, Associate Professor at the Department of Metal Technology and Aviation Materials Engineering, Leader of Industry-Specific Research Laboratory No. 4, Doctor of Technical Sciences, e-mail:

Siberian State Industrial University, Novokuznetsk, Russia:

S. V. Konovalov, Vice Rector for Research and Innovation, Professor, Doctor of Technical Sciences, e-mail:

Samara Metallurgical Plant JSC, Samara, Russia:

V. V. Yashin, Manager, Candidate of Technical Sciences, e-mail:

Institute of Strength Physics and Materials Science at the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Tomsk, Russia:

I. Yu. Litovchenko, Head of Shape Memory Alloys Laboratory, Leader of the Shared Knowledge Centre NANOTEKh, Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, e-mail:


This paper examines the texture of low-alloy alloy 8011 and the way it forms during its as-cast structure treatment. The process of texture forming during as-cast structure treatment differs from the processes observed at the later stages of thermomechanical treatment, and this needs further study. To understand how the texture tends to form, the authors used a laboratory mill for rolling specimens made of low-alloy aluminium alloys, which simulates a real industrial process. A comprehensive microstructural study was carried out for two deformation states, which involved optical microscopy for exa mining the grain microstructure, electron scanning microscopy for determining the number and sizes of intermetallics, an electron backscatter diffraction study for local microstructural analysis, and an X-ray texture analysis for determining the main crystallographic orientations. Thus, the authors established that, with the Zener-Hollomon parameter being high, the above alloy can experience recrystallization (including partial recrystallization in between deformation cycles) during as-cast structure treatment. Particle-stimulated nucleation serves as the principal nucleation mechanism. The poorly formed β-fiber texture, which makes the mechanism of oriented growth less efficient, impedes the forming of the cubic texture during recrystallization. Besides, due to the quickly developing rebound processes, only a small (compared with the second-phase particles) amount of subgrains is present in the grains at these stages. Therefore, the number of cube nuclei is also low. So, the texture that forms during as-cast structure treatment differs significantly from the one observed at the later stages of thermomechanical treatment.
Support for this research was provided under a grant of the Russian Science Foundation, Project 18-79-10099-П,

keywords Texture, low-alloy aluminium alloys, thermomechanical treatment, intermetallics, recrystallization, substructure, grain structure

1. Voronin S. V., Chaplygin K. K. Determining the crystallographic orientation by scanning probe microscopy and polarizing microscopy with use of the FCC lattice of aluminum as an example. Journal of Surface Investigation: X-ray, Synchrotron and Neutron Techniques. 2022. Vol. 16, Iss. 6. pp. 1297–1300.
2. Savchenkov S., Kosov Y., Bazhin V., Krylov K., Kawalla R. Microstructural master alloys features of aluminum–erbium system. Crystals. 2021. Vol. 11, Iss. 11. 1353.
3. Belov N. A., Korotkova N. O., Doroshenko V. V., Aksenov A. A. Effect of calcium on electrical resistance and phase composition of Al – 1.5 % Mn alloy. Tsvetnye Metally. 2022. No. 9. pp. 85–91. DOI: 10.17580/tsm.2022.08.12
4. Vlasov A. A., Sizyakov V. M., Bazhin V. Yu., Feshchenko R. Yu., Sharipov D. D. Dissolution of alumina in electrolytes of high-power aluminium cells: Process features. Tsvetnye Metally. 2011. No. 8. pp. 159–167.
5. Belov N. A., Tsydenov K. A., Letyagin N. V., Cherkasov S. O. Structure and mechanical properties of hot rolled sheets of Al – 2 % Cu – 2 % Mn – 0.4 % Si – 0.2 % Zr alloy subjected to friction stir welding. Tsvetnye Metally. 2022. No. 5. pp. 66–72.
6. Aryshenskiy Yu. M., Grechnikov F. V. Plastic forming of anisotropic materials: Theory and calculations. Ed. by F. V. Grechnikov. Moscow : Metallurgiya, 1990. 303 p.
7. Erisov Y. A., Grechnikov F. V., Surudin S. V. Yield function of the orthotropic material considering the crystallographic texture. Structural Engineering and Mechanics. 2016. Vol. 58, Iss. 4. pp. 677–687.
8. Grechnikov F. V. Deforming of anisotropic materials: Intensification reserves. Moscow : Mashinostroenie, 1998. 445 p.
9. Hirsch J. Through process modelling. Materials Science Forum. 2006. Vol. 519. pp. 15–24.
10. Vatne H. E., Furu T., Оrsund, R., Nes E. Modelling recrystallization after hot deformation of aluminium. Acta Materialia. 1996. Vol. 44, Iss. 11. pp. 4463–4473.
11. Vatne H. E., Wells M. A. Modelling of the recrystallization behaviour of AA5XXX aluminum alloys after hot deformation. Canadian Metallurgical Quarterly. 2003. Vol. 42, Iss. 1. pp. 79–88.
12. Engler O., Vatne H. E. Modeling the recrystallization textures of aluminum alloys after hot deformation. JOM. 1998. Vol. 50. pp. 23–27.
13. Aryshenskii E. V., Aryshenskii V. Y., Grechnikova A. F., Beglov E. D. Evolution of texture and microstructure in the production of sheets and ribbons from aluminum alloy 5182 in modern rolling facilities. Metal Science and Heat Treatment. 2014. Vol. 56. pp. 347–352.
14. Grechnikov F. V., Aryshenskii V. Yu. A phenomenological and crystallographic basis for forming a given anisotropy of properties during rolling of highly textured aluminium bands. Bulletin of Korolev Samara State Aerospace University (National Research University). 2002. No. 1. pp. 68–77.
15. Aryshenskii E. V., Hirsch J., Beglov E. D., Konovalov S., Kargin V. R. Specific of the recrystallization driving force calculation on the early stages of thermomechanical treatment of aluminum alloys. Materials Science Forum. 2021. Vol. 1037. pp. 273–280.
16. Yashin V., Aryshenskii E., Hirsch J., Konovalov S., Latushkin I. Study of recrystallization kinetics in AA5182 aluminium alloy after deformation of the as-cast structure. Materials Research Express. 2019. Vol. 6, Iss. 6. 066552.
17. Wells M. A., Samarasekera I. V., Brimacombe J. K., Hawbolt E. B., Lloyd D. J. Modeling the microstructural changes during hot tandem rolling of AA5XXX aluminum alloys: Part I. Microstructural evolution. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions: B. 1998. Vol. 29, Iss. 3. pp. 611–620.
18. Aryshenskii E., Hirsch J., Konovalov S. Investigation of the intermetallic compounds fragmentation impact on the formation of texture during the as cast structure thermomechanical treatment of aluminum alloys. Metals. 2021. Vol. 11, Iss. 3. 507.
19. Aryshenskii E. V., Konovalov S. V. Texture and properties formed in innovative aluminium alloys during recrystallization induced by thermomechanical treatment: Forming mechanisms and regularities. Metallurgy: Technology, Innovation, Quality: Proceedings of the 22nd International Conference. In 2 parts. Part 1. Ed. by A. B. Yuriev. Novokuznetsk : Sibirskiy gosudarstvennyi industrialnyi universitet, 2021. pp. 225–232.
20. Serebryanyi V. N., Kurtasov S. F., Litvinovich M. A. Examining the orientation distribution function errors when using ridge estimate method for treatment of pole figures. Zavodskaya laboratoriya. Diagnostika materialov. 2007. Vol. 73, No. 4. pp. 29–35.
21. Aryshenskii E., Hirsch J., Konovalov S., Aryshenskii V., Drits A. Influence of Mg content on texture development during hot plain-strain deformation of aluminum alloys. Metals. 2021. Vol. 11, Iss. 6. 865.
22. Gryziecki J., Gdula Z. Dynamic recovery of polycrystalline silver. Materials Science and Engineering. 1987. Vol. 93. pp. 99–105.
23. Nes E., Vatne H. E. The 40 (111) orientation relationship in recrystallization. International Journal of Materials Research. 1996. Vol. 87, Iss. 6. pp. 448–453.
24. Aryshenskii E. V., Hirsch J., Konovalov S. V., Prahl U. Specific features of microstructural evolution during hot rolling of the as-cast magnesium-rich aluminum alloys with added transition metal elements. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A. 2019. Vol. 50. pp. 5782–5799.
25. Aryshenskii E. V., Serebryany V. N., Tepterev M. S., Grechnikova A. F. Study of the laws of texture formation in the alloy 8011 during cold rolling and annealing. The Physics of Metals and Metallography. 2015. Vol. 116. pp. 925–931.

Language of full-text russian
Full content Buy