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ArticleName Processing of the zinc-lead-bearing flotation middlings by sulfidizing roasting with pyrrhotites production by predicted properties
DOI 10.17580/nfm.2022.02.03
ArticleAuthor Chepushtanova T. A., Merkibayev Y. S., Mishra B., Kuldeyev Y. I.

Satbayev University, Almaty, Kazakhstan:

T. A. Chepushtanova*, Candidate of Technical Sciences, Ph.D., Head of Department “Metallurgical Processes, Heat Engineering and Technology of Special Materials”, Associate Professor, Mining and Metallurgical Institute, e-mail:
Y. S. Merkibayev, Master’s degree, Head of Laboratories of “Metallurgical Processes, Heat Engineering and Technology of Special Materials”, Mining and Metallurgical Institute, e-mail:
Y. I. Kuldeyev, Candidate of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences, Professor, Vice-Rector for Corporate Development, Mining and Metallurgical Institute, e-mail:

Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, USA:

B. Mishra, Professor and Director of MPI Mechanical and Materials Engineering, e-mail:


*Correspondence author.


The accumulated amount of lead-zinc ore flotation tailings in the dumps of concentrating plants today can be considered as independent man-made deposits. In addition to their resource value as sources of lead and zinc, as well as associated gold, silver, cadmium, selenium and other metals, tailings are an environmentally hazardous source of heavy metal pollution of ground and surface waters. The environmental hazard of stale tailings is exacerbated by the fact that they occupy large areas that cannot be used for agricultural or other purposes of the national economy. Wastes of flotation enrichment of lead-zinc ores significantly differ from the source material not only in the content of minerals, but also in the degree of oxidation of their surface, fractional composition, and the presence of a significant amount of mineral intergrowths. In view of this, the use of existing flotation technologies is ineffective for obtaining standard lead and zinc concentrates from enrichment tailings. This paper describes the technology that has been developed for processing of zinc and lead-bearing enrichment wastes by sulfidizing roasting followed by magnetic and flotation concentration of cinders. It was found that, as a result of the sulfidizing- pyrrhotizing roasting process, the flotation ability increases for lead compounds and decreases for iron compounds, while the magnetic susceptibility of lower iron sulfides formed during roasting increases. It has been established that sulfidizing takes place with sufficient completeness, and during subsequent flotation, it is possible to extract up to 95% of zinc and up to 80% of lead into sulfide concentrate. These results have a technological advantage in contrast to the other methods that have been used. It was found that at roasting temperatures of 700–800 °C, pyrrhotites have a maximum magnetic susceptibility of 3.75, 5.43 and 2.18 SI units for Fe0.855S, Fe0.888S and Fe0.909S, respectively. Technological recommendations are acceptable for similar raw materials.

The research was funded by the Science Committee of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan Grant №AP08052829.

keywords Zinc, lead-bearing wastes; pyrrhotites, sulfidizing roasting, flotation beneficiation, magnetic susceptibility, sulfidizing

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Full content Processing of the zinc-lead-bearing flotation middlings by sulfidizing roasting with pyrrhotites production by predicted properties