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ArticleName Ecological evaluation of top soil polluted with coal dust
DOI 10.17580/gzh.2023.09.10
ArticleAuthor Pashkevich M. A., Duka A. A.

Empress Catherine II Saint Petersburg Mining University, Saint-Petersburg, Russia:

M. A. Pashkevich, Professor, Doctor of Engineering Sciences
A. A. Duka, Researcher,


Coal dust ingress in the environment during coal mining, handling and storage is a critical problem both in terms of health and ecology. Potential hazard of coal dust for the environment components is connected with its quantitative characteristics. The aim of this study was the ecological evaluation of coal dust impact on top soil in the course of operation of coal industry facilities. The authors describe the industry impact on top soil. The characteristics of coal dust are determined, and the experiment on handling of plant samples at different levels of dust burden is carried out on a laboratory scale. The quality evaluation of top soil polluted with coal dust is one of the top priorities of ecological monitoring in the influence zones of industrial plants. Determination of a degree and mechanisms of impact exerted by dust on a nature component enables tracing the change in land productivity and allows revealing the threshold values of dust burden. The implemented research has some implications. In estimation of morphological characteristics of plant samples, the threshold of dust burden is 450 mg/(m2∙day). The introduction of coal dust in soil has a beneficial effect on plant emergence and growth. High dust ingress reduces the photosynthetic capacity and resistance of plants to the external impacts. In the analysis of the photosynthetic capacity, the threshold value of dust burden is 250 mg/(m2∙day). Given dust ingress, plants accumulate such elements as phosphorus and sulfur.

keywords Coal industry, coal handling, coal dust, top soil, bioaccumulation, photosynthetic capacity, pollutants

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