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Marking the 250th anniversary of the Empress Catherine II St Petersburg Mining University and the 20th anniversary of the Nanophysics & Nanomaterials International Conference
ArticleName Properties of polymer epoxy matrix enhanced with nanooxides of aluminium and silicon
DOI 10.17580/tsm.2023.08.06
ArticleAuthor Syzrantsev V. V.

Grozny State Oil Technical University, Grozny, Russia:

V. V. Syzrantsev, Director of the Nanotechnology and Nanomaterials Research Centre, Candidate of Physics & Mathematics Sciences, e-mail:


This paper describes a comparative study of composites that are strengthened with SiO2 and Al2O3 nanoparticles obtained by four different methods. The author analyzed how the elastic modulus of specimens changed, as well as the recovery rate of the defect produced by the indentation of a quadrangular diamond pyramid under the Vickers method. It is shown that the use of particles synthesized in different ways leads to structural changes in the composite, provided their chemical composition and size remain unchanged. When epoxy resin is doped with SiO2 and Al2O3 nanoparticles obtained in different ways, the strengthening of the material follows the same general pattern, while its modulus of elasticity can rise or drop depending on their concentrations. Analysis of the recovery process following microindentation showed that the doped composite manifests better healing of surface microdefects compared with the original material. And the concentration of nanoparticles of 0.5 to 2.0% (depending on the synthesis technique used) is associated with a complete recovery of the indent. Besides, depending on the particles chosen for doping, different specimens required different recovery time – from 30 to more than 90 seconds. The described structural changes follow a similar pattern when doping with both Al2O3 and SiO2 nanoparticles. It was found that the fastest recovery effect is secured by pyrogenic nanoparticles, while the slowest one – by particles produced by liquid-phase synthesis. The probable cause of such variability in the strengthening effect of nanoparticles is their different surface activity (i.e. the strength and composition of active centers), which can differ depending on the synthesis conditions. This peculiarity makes it difficult to directly compare the characteristics of the composite associated with fillers obtained under different conditions, even when they have the same chemical and structural composition.

keywords Aluminium and silicon nanooxides, composites, nanoparticles, active surface sites, permanent deformation, Vickers method, composite structure

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