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ArticleName Specifics of coal industry advancement under sanction limitation and low-carbon development
DOI 10.17580/gzh.2023.08.11
ArticleAuthor Plakitkina L. S., Plakitkin Yu. A., Dyachenko K. I.

Energy Research Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia:

L. S. Plakitkina, Head of Research Center for Coal Industry in the World and in Russia, Candidate of Engineering Sciences, Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences,
Yu. A. Plakitkin, Head of Center for Analysis and Innovation in Energy, Professor, Doctor of Economic Sciences, Academician of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences, Academician of the Academy of Mining Sciences
K. I. Dyachenko, Researcher at Research Center for Coal Industry in the World and in Russia, Candidate of Engineering Sciences


The coal industry has always been one of the most “vulnerable” industries. The ratification of the Paris climate agreement and the restrictions introduced in connection with it led to the intensification of work on the decarbonization of the economy and the transfer of world energy to renewable energy sources and hydrogen. In the future, this situation will lead to a decrease in coal consumption, and hence to a decrease in its production. In addition, in 2022, the transformation of the world political and economic systems, including interstate relations, began. The Russian coal industry, being dependent on the international coal market, has come to a crossroads. On the one hand, it is necessary to take measures to reduce coal production due to global decarbonization and the refusal of many countries from Russian coal, on the other hand, potential opportunities have opened up for increasing coal supplies to the Asia-Pacific markets. Under such conditions, the achievement by the industry of the target indicators provided for by the previously developed state program documents seems to be difficult to achieve. To improve the efficiency of the industry and the country as a whole, a so-called “mobilization approach” is needed, aimed at increasing its technological sovereignty. At the same time, the coal industry is likely to be reoriented towards restructuring, which will increase its adaptability to the specifics of current and prospective development. For such a restructuring, it is necessary to develop a set of measures to improve the state management of the economy.

keywords Expected coal production and export, industry performance, development scenarios, governmental support of coal industry, economy, global development features

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