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ArticleName Methodological and instrumental support for the quantitative assessment of the contents of airborne dust in coals
DOI 10.17580/gzh.2023.06.11
ArticleAuthor Epshtein S. A., Kossovich E. L., Krasilova V. A., Smirnov A. S.

National University of Science and Technology ‘MISIS’, Moscow, Russian Federation:

S. A. Epshtein, Head of Laboratory, Doctor of Engineering Sciences
E. L. Kossovich, Senior Researcher, Ph.D.,
V. A. Krasilova, Ph.D. Student, Engineer of the Scientific Project
A. S. Smirnov, Student, Laboratory Assistant, Scientific-Educational Laboratory of Physics and Chemistry of Coals


The processes of mining, processing, transportation and transshipment of coal are accompanied by the release of dust. In accordance with sanitary rules (SanPiN 1.2.3685), coal dust, airborne particles and airborne PM2.5 and PM10 are classified as air pollutants. To calculate emissions of pollutants, including coal dust, from stationary fugitive sources, different methods are used, based on considering of such factors as the characteristics of various equipment used, its productivity, operating time, meteorological conditions, size and dispersion of materials, etc. The coefficients introduced into the calculation, which take into account the fineness of the material, are fixed (constant) for all the coals. This approach does not allow ranking coals according to their “dust capacity”. This is primary due to the lack of reliable methods for quantifying the content of airborne dust in coals and the proportion of PM2.5 and PM10 in it. This paper presents the methodological and instrumental support for the quantitative assessment of the contents of airborne dust in specific coals and its granulometric composition. It is shown that the contents of airborne dust in coals and proportion of PM10 and PM2.5 in t he latter are individual and, in general, do not depend on coal type, rank and petrographic composition. It is shown that the proposed methodological and instrumental support for the quantitative assessment of the contents of airborne dust in coals makes it possible to calculate the coefficients of dispersion of the material that are a part of evaluation of emissions of pollutants into the atmospheric air.
The work was supported by the Russian Science Foundation (grant no. 18-77-10052).

keywords Hard coal, anthracite, marketable coal products, airborne coal dust, airborne particles, PM10 and PM2.5, rank, petrographic composition

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