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ArticleName Principles of rational processing of red mud with the use of carboxylic acids
DOI 10.17580/nfm.2022.02.05
ArticleAuthor Kozyrev B. A., Sizyakov V. M., Arsentyev V. A.

Saint-Petersburg Mining University, Saint-Petersburg, Russia:

B. A. Kozyrev, Lead Engineer, e-mail:
V. M. Sizyakov, Professor, Doctor of Engineering Sciences


REC “Mekhanobr-Tekhnika”, Saint-Petersburg, Russia:
V. A. Arsentyev, Chief Researcher, Doctor of Engineering Sciences


Due to the known limitations of economic nature, the global production complex continues to focus on the most accessible technologies of alumina production, leading to the accumulation of solid waste (red mud), which has created the well-known problem of their processing, and its scale and importance continue to grow in connection with the steady increase in the world volume of aluminum production and consumption. The priority of rational use of natural resources allows us to speak about the preference of principles of deep and waste-free processing of mineral raw materials, which are fully applicable to the processing of red mud, as accumulated raw materials of technogenic origin. At the same time, the key point of this approach becomes the hierarchical division of components into groups of technological products, taking into account the processes that ensure this selective-group division. In this regard, the use of carboxylic acids is of notable interest, as they have a known selectivity to the main components of red mud, which allows to separate low-soluble components (iron and silicon compounds) from light and rare-earth metals with minimum consumption rates. An experimental study has shown that flow-through leaching of thermochemically prepared red mud using formic acid provides high and acceptable recoveries of sodium, calcium, scandium, and rare earth metals. This makes it affordable to use the cheapest method of apparatus-free leaching when implementing this approach on an industrial scale. Experimentally determined the differences in the sequence of elution of sodium, calcium, aluminum and rare-earth metals formates during flow leaching, which creates favorable conditions for concentrating components and separate processing of sampled solutions. The regime parameters of the process that provides complete precipitation of aluminum, scandium and rare earth metals during the neutralization of formate solution with milk of lime, resulting in the necessary prerequisites for further concentration of rare earth metals to obtain technologically significant product are determined.

The work was carried out with the financial support of the Russian Science Foundation under the Agreement No. 18-19-00577-П of April 28 2021 of grant for fundamental scientific research and exploratory scientific research.

keywords Alumina production, red mud, complex processing, selective extraction, light and rare earth metals, carboxylic acids, formates

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