Journals →  Eurasian Mining →  2022 →  #1 →  Back

ArticleName Effective strengthening solutions for fractured rock masses using tailings
DOI 10.17580/em.2022.01.12
ArticleAuthor Bek А. А., Yestemesov Z. А., Baidzhanov D. О., Fedotenko N. А.

Karaganda State Technical University, Karaganda, Kazakhstan:

Bek А. А., Candidate for a Doctor’s Degree,
Baidzhanov D. О., Professor, Doctor of Engineering Sciences

Central Certification Laboratory of Building Materials, Almaty, Kazakhstan:

Yestemesov Z. А., Director of Laboratory, Doctor of Engineering Sciences, Professor


Research Institute of Comprehensive Exploitation of Mineral Resources—IPKON, Moscow, Russia:

Fedotenko N. А., Senior Researcher


The authors develop effective solutions for strengthening and reinforcement of disturbed rocks in underground mines using tailings. The object of research is tailings and backfill mixtures with and without additives, and the research subject is the physical and mechanical properties as well as hardening of backfill mixtures in conditions of natural humidity. The standard methods were used to determine characteristics of initial materials, backfill mixtures composition and their physical and mechanical properties. The studies included Akzhal mine tailings used as an aggregate of backfill mixtures for strengthening fractured rocks in the open pit mine, as well as damaged rib pillars and roofs in underground excavations. The results can be used for the expansion and reproduction of the building materials supplies, for the enhancement of industrial safety in mines and for the minimization of the environmental impact of mining.

Study was supported by the Science Committee of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Grant No. AP08857097.

keywords Mineral mining, open pit, mine, concentration plant, damage, fractures, rock mass failure, strengthening, mining waste, building materials, solutions, tailings, cement, superplasticizer, compressive strength and cohesion, X-ray and spectrophase analyzes

1. Saparova M., Ryskulbek A., Koishybaeva M. Analysis of solid waste management system of Almaty city. Proceedings of VII International Scientific and Practical Conference. 2016. pp. 65–67.
2. Baydzhanov D. O., Bek A. A. “Green” economy in building materials. Mining Journal of Kazakhstan. 2020. No. 7. pp. 45–48.
3. Melkonyan R. G. Environmental problems of mining waste disposal for glass production and construction industry. Bulletin of Science and Education of the North-West of Russia. 2017. Vol. 3. pp. 1–11.
4. Salguero F., Grande J. A., Valente T. et al. Recycling of manganese gangue materials from waste-dumps in the Iberian Pyrite Belt—Application as filler for concrete production. Construction and Building Materials. 2014. Vol. 54. pp 363–368.
5. Jiang Shi, Feng He, Chuqiao Ye. et al. Preparation and characterization of CaO–Al2O3–SiO2 glass-ceramics from molybdenum tailings. Materials Chemistry and Physics. 2017. Vol. 197. pp. 57–64.
6. Zhang L. Production of bricks from waste materials—A review. Construction and Building Materials. 2013. Vol. 47. pp. 643–655.
7. Muñoz Velasco P., Morales Ortíz M. P., Mendívil Girу M. A. et al. Fired clay bricks manufactured by adding wastes as sustainable construction material—A review. Construction and Building Materials. 2014. Vol. 63. pp. 97–107.
8. Nurpeisova M., Kyrgizbaeva G., Donenbaeva N. et al. Development of Geodetic Methods of Monitoring of Open-Pit Sides Stability. Biotechnology Research Communications. 2019. Vol. 12, Iss. 5. pp. 67–78.
9. Yongliang Chen, Yi-min Zhang, Tie-jun Chen, Yunliang Zhao, Shenxu Bao. Preparation of eco-friendly construction bricks from hematite tailings. Construction and Building Materials. 2011. Vol. 25(4). pp. 2107–2111.
10. Yang C., Cui C., Qin J. et al. Characteristics of the fired bricks with low-silicon iron tailings. Construction and Building Materials. 2014. Vol. 70. pp. 36–42.
11. Zharko V. I., Guzov V. A. Raw material base of secondary resources in the production of building materials. ALITinform : Cement. Concrete. Dry Mixtures. 2011. No. 2(19). pp. 11–27.
12. Vilkul Yu. G., Azaryan A. A., Azaryan V. A. et al. Problems of processing of mineral raw materials from technogenic deposits of Ukraine. Gornaya promyshlennost. 2011. Special issue. pp. 13–15.
13. Golik V. I., Tsidaev T. S. Methods of using tailings from processing substandard mineral raw materials. Stroitelnye materialy, oborudovanie, tekhnologii XXI veka. 2015. No. 12. pp. 27–29.
14. Lygina T. Z., Luzin V. P., Kornilov A. V., Multipurpose use of technogenic nonmetallic raw materials and obtaining new types of products from it. Scientific basis and practice of processing ores and industrial raw materials: Proceedings of XXII International Scientific and Technical Conference. Yekaterinburg : Fort Dialog-Ise, 2017. Vol. 1. pp. 67–71.
15. Information review on the results of conducting State Cadastre of Production and Consumption Waste for 2018. Astana : Ministry of Ecology, Geology and Natural Resources of the Republic Kazakhstan, 2018. 154 p.
16. Yestemesov. Z. A., Barvinov A. V., Sarsenbaev B. K. et al. New method for disposal of granulated phosphoric slag from hazardous gases. News of the National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Series Chemistry and Technology. 2020. Vol. 3, No. 441. pp. 6–14. DOI: 10.32014/2020.2518-1491.37
17. Nurpeisova M. B., Kirgizbayeva D. M., Kopzhasaruly K. Innovative methods of the rock massif fractures survey and treatment of its results. Naukovyi Visnyk Natsionalnoho Hirnychoho Universytetu. 2016. Iss. 2. pp. 11–18 p.
18. Bek A. A., Donenbaeva N. S., Aitkazinova Sh. K. et al. Study of the strength properties of rocks at the Akzhal mine to strengthen the weakened areas. Molodoy uchenyi. 2020. No. 33(323). pp. 20–25.
19. Bek A. A., Baidzhanov D. O. Development of composition of solutions for strengthening cracked surfaces. Ways of Science Development in Modern Crisis Conditions: Abstracts of the 1st International Scientific and Practical Internet Conference, May 28-2, 2020, Dnipro. 2020. Vol. 1. pp. 71–74 p.
20. Аitkazinova Sh. К., Bek А. А., Derbisov K. N. et al. Preparing solutions based on industrial waste for fractured surface strengthening. News of the National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Series of Geology and Technical Sciences. 2020. Vol.5. pp. 90–98. DOI: 10.32014/2020.2518-170X.11
21. Nurpeisova M. B., Kirgizbayeva D. M., Bek А. А. Composition for strengthening fractured rocks. Patent KZ, No. 1573. Publ. 02.01.2020.

Full content Effective strengthening solutions for fractured rock masses using tailings