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ArticleName The structure and role of faulting and fracturing system in spatial oil saturation of rocks and in occurrence of oil reservoirs within Chezhen sag of Jiyang depression in the Bohai Bay Basin in East China
DOI 10.17580/em.2022.01.06
ArticleAuthor Kasyanova N. A., Qiu Sh.

Sergo Ordzhonikidze Russian State University for Geological Prospecting, Moscow, Russia:

Kasyanova N. A., Doctor of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences, Professor,
Qiu Sh., Postgraduate Student


The article reports the integrated analysis of the history, geodynamics, modern faulting system, internal structure and spatial occurrence of Paleozoic and Paleogene (Eocene) accumulations of oil in the promising Chezhen block of the Chezhen sag of the Jiyang depression in the Bohai Bay Basin in East China. After review of the new geological, geophysical and field studies, the authors find out that in this structurally complex system of faults and fractures of different age, orientation and types, the present-day spatial occurrence of oil reservoirs is governed by the neofaults which blanket the whole geological section, including the Paleozoic period. The studies (analysis of polished sections) into internal structure (micro fracturing) and oil saturation of rocks produce some new data of interest for the theory and practice. The studies of samples from the reservoir and non-reservoir rocks in exploration drilling in the Shahejie pay horizon show that oil saturation is connected with the presence of the younger age system of micro fractures (permeable) of horizontal and vertical (faults) orientation. The further exploration in the promising Chezhen block of the Shenli oil field is recommended to continue in the zones of the Cenozoic faults as any rocks (irrespective of their lithology, including low-porosity rocks) can be saturated with oil in these zones which contain the best-type reservoirs (fractured) and feature active fluid neodynamics.

keywords Bohai Bay Oil Basin, Shenli oil field, Chezhen sag, faulting system, drillhole, rocks, polished section analysis, micro fractures, oil reservoir

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Full content The structure and role of faulting and fracturing system in spatial oil saturation of rocks and in occurrence of oil reservoirs within Chezhen sag of Jiyang depression in the Bohai Bay Basin in East China