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Название Illumination sensitivity analysis for the speck-based froth detection method using potash flotation machines
DOI 10.17580/or.2021.06.05
Автор Varlamova S. A., Zatonsky A. V., Fedoseeva K. A.
Информация об авторе

Berezniki Branch of Perm National Research Polytechnic University (Berezniki, Russia):

Varlamova S. A., Associate Professor, Candidate of Engineering Sciences, varlamovasa@mail.ru
Zatonsky A. V., Professor, Doctor of Engineering Sciences, zxenon@narod.ru

Perm National Research Polytechnic University (Perm, Russia):
Fedoseeva K. A., Postraduate


Machine vision methods are widely used in the industry. The paper considers the possibilities of using the machine vision technology to monitor potash ore flotation processes. It provides an overview of ready-made solutions for bubble edge detection. The widely used methods, however, are not suitable for the detection of cleaner flotation froth due to the specifics of its froth bed coloring and structure. A bubble detection method is described that is based on the distance between the specks generated by a point light source. The common algorithm is as follows: image conversion to grayscale, binarization, post-processing, and bubble separation using the ABCalgorithm. Particular attention is paid to establishing the proper binarization threshold, as it affects the quality of the final image significantly. A certain binarization threshold selection method is substantiated. The purpose of this work was to establish the sensitivity of the speck-based method for detecting the froth bed parameters to the binarization threshold. The study considers 20 experimental image sets obtained using different flotation machines, both with and without an additional light source. Binarization threshold selection profiles were generated for each frame. The respective profile analysis allowed identifying the best binarization thresholds for various types of flotation machines. As a result, specific methods for removing frames with low illumination and algorithms for determining the threshold binarization values for different types of flotation machines are proposed.

Ключевые слова Potash ore, flotation, control, froth, foam layer, detection, binarization, type of flotation machines
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