Журналы →  Gornyi Zhurnal →  2021 →  №10 →  Назад

Название Extraction of solid sulfide ore reserves from the Second Southern Lens in Mayak Mine with regard to the ore morphology and mode of occurrence
DOI 10.17580/gzh.2021.10.05
Автор Sabyanin G. V., Kisel A. A., Bazin A. A., Kositsyn E. V.
Информация об авторе

NorNickel, Moscow, Russia:

G. V. Sabyanin, Head of the Mining and Processing Management at the Industrial Engineering Department, Candidate of Engineering Sciences


NorNickel’s Polar Division, Norilsk, Russia:
A. A. Kisel, Head of Department at the Geodynamic Safety Center, kiselaa@nornik.ru
A. A. Bazin, Chief Specialist, Geodynamic Safety Center
E. V. Kositsyn, Chief Surveyor at the Surveying Center of Mayak Mine


The article presents the studies aimed to optimize and validate a mining flow chart for extraction of solid sulfide ore reserves from the Second Southern Lens with regard to the ore morphology and mode of occurrence. The geology of the Second Southern Lens is represented by the upper Devonian overburden and the lower Tunguska series cut with differentiated intrusion of gabbro-dolerite. Bed rocks are overlaid with thick and sheet-like quaternary strata, with an aquifer in boulder–chisley deposits at the bottom. The latter are overlaid with clay and loam layers 50–60 m thick. For safe and convenient mining under the old quaternary aquifer, an ore crown was left to isolate the zone of mining operations from the water-bearing body. With regard to the mode of occurrence of the ore body, the ground control assumes cemented paste backfill transported from the surface backfill preparation plant to the backfill holes by dump trucks. Full backfill ensures compete extraction of high-value ore reserves and sufficient safety of mining. The existing constraints (small thickness of the ore body in combination of its steep dip, low quality of the ore–barren rock interface, aquifer and shallow occurrence), as well as the high extraction standards govern selection of the stoping mining system with vertical slicing and horizontal blind entry cuts.

Ключевые слова Ore deposit, Mayak Mine, ore body, aquifer, Second Southern Lens, high-grade ore, mining sequence, mining system, slice, entry cut, cemented paste backfill, observation station
Библиографический список

1. Kozhiev Kh. Kh., Orlov S. M., Sabanov N. A. The second birth of Norilsk. Gornyi Zhurnal. 2006. No. 2. pp. 13–16.
2. Nikshin S. G. Mining administration “Talnahskoe”. Gornyi Zhurnal. 2010. No. 6. pp. 27–36.
3. Kubuzov E. A., Nagovitsyn Yu. N., Andreev A. A., Rukavishnikov G. D. Assessment of effect of rock mass damage on underground stability of excavations in the Second Southern Lens of Mayak Mine. Gornyi Zhurnal. 2016. No. 7. pp. 23–28. DOI: 10.17580/gzh.2016.07.05
4. Vilchinskiy V. B., Savchikov L. V., Kozhiev Kh. Kh., Marysyuk V. P., Nagovitsyn Yu. N. Implementation of high-capacity systems for mining operations at MMC Norilsk Nickel. Tsvetnye Metally. 2011. No. 8-9. pp. 8–12.
5. Makarov A. B. Practical geomechanics. Guidance for mining engineers. Moscow : Gornaya kniga, 2006. 391 p.
6. Podkuyko N. V., Vokhmin S. A., Trebush Yu. P., Kurchin G. S., Mayorov E. S. Peculiarities of losses' regulation and impoverishment during rich ore mining on Mayak mine second southern lens (Komsomolskiy mine). Marksheyderskiy vestnik. 2014. No. 5(102). pp. 34–40.
7. Eremenko V. A., Neguritsa D. L. Efficient and active monitoring of stresses and strains in rock masses. Eurasian Mining. 2016. No. 1. pp. 21–24. DOI: 10.17580/em.2016.01.02
8. Lang Liu, Zhiyu Fang, Chongchong Qi, Bo Zhang, Lijie Guo et al. Numerical study on the pipe flow characteristics of the cemented paste backfill slurry considering hydration effects. Powder Technology. 2019. Vol. 343. pp. 454–464.
9. Kalmykov V. N., Strukov K. I., Kulsaitov R. V., Esina E. N. Geomechanical features of underground mining at Kochkar deposit. Eurasian Mining. 2017. No. 2. pp. 12–15. DOI: 10.17580/em.2017.02.03
10. Yang Ju, Yongliang Wang, Chuanshang Su, Dongshuang Zhang, Zhangyu Ren. Numerical analysis of the dynamic evolution of mining-induced stresses and fractures in multilayered rock strata using continuum-based discrete element methods. International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences. 2019. Vol. 113. pp. 191–210.
11. Jiahao Qin, Jian Zheng, Li Li. Experimental st udy of the shrinkage behavior of cemented paste backfill. Journal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering. 2021. Vol. 13, Iss. 3. pp. 545–554.
12. Fanzhen Meng, Louis Ngai Yuen Wong, Hui Zhou, Zaiquan Wang, Liming Zhang. Asperity degradation characteristics of soft rock-like fractures under shearing based on acoustic emission monitoring. Engineering Geology. 2020. Vol. 266. DOI: 10.1016/j.enggeo.2019.105392
13. Verkhoturov N. V. Extraction of copper–nickel ore by short-span open stoping with cemented backfill. Kulagin’s Lectures: Production Process Technology and Equipment. XIX International Conference Proceedings. Chita, 2019. Vol. 2. pp. 13–16.
14. Eremenko V. A., Aynbinder I. I., Patskevich P. G., Babkin E. A. Assessment of the state of rocks in underground mines at the Polar Division of Norilsk Nickel. GIAB. 2017. No. 1. pp. 5–17.
15. Liu Zeng-Hui, Gao Qian, Dong Lu, Yue Bin. Reliability analysis of large-span underground cavern stability. Journal of Yanshan University. 2010. Vol. 34, No. 6. pp. 550–555.
16. Wang N., Wan B. H., Zhang P., Du X. L. Analysis on deformation development of open-pit slope under the influence of underground mining. Legislation, Technology and Practice of Mine Land Reclamation : Proceedings of the Beijing International Symposium on Land Reclamation and Ecological Restoration. London : Taylor & Francis Group, 2015. pp. 53–58.
17. Wang D. S., Chang J. P., Yin Z. M., Lu Y. G. Deformation and failure characteristics of high and steep slope and the impact of underground mining. Transit Development in Rock Mechanics – Recognition, Thinking and Innovation : Proceedings of the 3rd ISRM International Young Scholars’ Symposium on Rock Mechanic. London : Taylor & Francis Group, 2015. pp. 451–457.
18. Kidybiński A. The role of geo-mechanical modelling in solving problems of safety and effectiveness of mining production. Archives of Mining Sciences. 2010. Vol. 55, No. 2. pp. 263–278.
19. Khayrutdinov M. M., Moiseenko A. P. Improvement of systems of mining with backfill in Norilsk area. GIAB. 2008. No. 5. pp. 275–281.

Language of full-text русский
Полный текст статьи Получить