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ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
ArticleName Digitalization of hydrogeological processes in mining industry
DOI 10.17580/gzh.2020.10.11
ArticleAuthor Leontieva E. V., Kvachev V. N.
ArticleAuthorData

Belgorod State University, Belgorod, Russia:

E. V. Leontieva, Associate Professor, Candidate of Geographical Sciences, leonteva@bsu.edu.ru
V. N. Kvachev, Associate Professor, Candidate of Engineering Sciences

Abstract

The groundwater monitoring reconstruction and hydrogeological digitalization are discussed on the ground of the past and modern mine flooding protection technologies and geo-information technologies. According to the authors, it is of the current concern to advance digitalization technologies for hydrogeological processes in the mining industry to be focused on:
– operative and episodic control and display of water condition at the control point in the x, y, z, t coordinates, including pore pressure, temperature, mineralization, flow rate of drainage water intake devices, productivity of pumping equipment of mine and quarry drainage, water-development in pit walls, in underground mines, in the influence zone of mining production;

– creation of permanent hydrogeological models of groundwater flow, pore pressure distribution, flow gradients and transport of pollutants within the framework of conceptual and numerical models of subsoil, mining facilities, terrain, natural environment and anthropogenic activity in the influence zone of mining.
The article discusses the working cycles of digitalization of operational and occasional monitoring data on the status of groundwater at the control points and 3D representations of groundwater flow, distribution of pore pressure, pressure gradients and movement of pollutants using constantly operating models to ensure safe and competitive development of flooded mineral deposits in modern conditions. The relevance of the digitalization technologies for hydrogeological processes based on the latest achievements in the field of geoinformatics and automation of hydrogeological work is substantiated.

keywords Mining industry, digitalization, hydrogeological processes, geoinformation technologies, pore pressure, hydraulic gradient, regional groundwater flow models, pit slopes, operational monitoring
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