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Название Biodiversity assessment in the area of Olimpiada Mining and Processing Plant, Polyus Krasnoyarsk
DOI 10.17580/gzh.2020.10.02
Автор Ponomareva T. V., Kovaleva N. M., Ponomarev E. I., Malkevich V. V.
Информация об авторе

Sukachev Institute of Forest, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Krasnoyarsk, Russia:

T. V. Ponomareva, Senior Researcher, Candidate of Biological Sciences, Bashkova_t@mail.ru
N. M. Kovaleva, Researcher, Candidate of Biological Sciences
A. S. Shishikin, Head of laboratory, Doctor of Biological Sciences
E. I. Ponomarev, Senior Researcher, Candidate of Biological Sciences


This article addresses some problems connected with the assessment of biodiversity in the area of Olimpiada Mining and Processing Plant, Polyus Krasnoyarsk. The outcome of two years-long (2018–2019) integrated monitoring of natural and manmade eco-systems is presented. The main landscape types are identified using satellite images and route observation data. The structure of habitat on the natural landscape and in the disturbed areas is estimated, with identification of: the sites with pronounced environmental impact of mining (overburden and waste rock dumps and slopes, manmade water reservoirs and banks); abandoned or reclaimed manmade objects; urban territory of the miners settlement; control (baseline) sites (pyrogenic-nature and primary forest, valley and flood-plain planting). It is emphasized that the soil cover and the thermal background in the test territory has been essentially transformed, which can greatly affect local biodiversity. Inspection of the natural and manmade eco-systems in the area of Olimpiada MPP has revealed 177 species of plants, including 153 species of higher vascular plants, 14 species of mosses and 10 species of lichens. The flora of vascular plants represents 46 families and 112 kinds. The species resistant to anthropogenic transformation are identified. The fauna biodiversity is represented by 34 species of mammals (Mammalia) from 5 orders (insect-eating, rodents, carnivores, cloven-footed and wing-handed animals) as well as by 110 species of birds Aves). The marker species are specified for monitoring of small mammals and birds in the test region. The research findings point at the required monitoring of biodiversity both in the territory of the mining and processing plant and in the adjacent undisturbed baseline area.

Ключевые слова Satellite data, temperature, biotope structure, landscapes, species diversity, biodiversity indices
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