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Preparation of raw materials
ArticleName Research and substantiation of structural and technological parameters of the process of grinding agglomeration fluxes in a hammer mill
ArticleAuthor A. P. Zhiltsov, D. A. Vlasenko, E. P. Levchenko

Lipetsk State Technical University (Lipetsk, Russia):

A. P. Zhiltsov, Cand. Eng., Associate Prof., Head of the Department «Metallurgical equipment», e-mail:


Donbass State Technical University (Alchevsk, Lugansk People’s Republic | Ukraine):
D. A. Vlasenko, Senior Lecturer, Dept. «Machines of the Metallurgical Complex»
E. P. Levchenko, Cand. Eng., Associate Prof., Dept. «Machines of the Metallurgical Complex»


The practical experience of using hammer crushers in fractional preparation of charge materials in sinter production indicates that the quality of crushed flux has a significant impact on the performance of the charge materials sintering process and on physical and metallurgical properties of the sinter. Based on the Hooke’s law of elasticity, the Bond grinding hypothesis, and the Hertz static theory of impact, a mathematical model of the process of crushing material by applying a free impact has been developed. An analytical dependence of one of the main indicators of the dispersion process — the degree of crushing — on the hammers row mass, radius of the hammer mass center, length of its working face, radius of rotor’s suspension axes, material penetration depth into the working area, average particle diameter of the crushed raw material, and rotor’s angular rotation speed, elastic modulus of crushed material and operating coefficient has been determined. To confirm the reliability of the obtained dependence using various methods of installing hammers on the rotor’s suspension axis, a multivariate industrial experiment for the limestone dispersion in the hammer mill was conducted. Based on experimental data, the regression dependence of the degree of limestone grinding in the hammer mill on the impact bodies mass, and the initial fraction of the raw material was obtained. The conducted experimental studies showed a convergence with theoretical results at the level of 95% indicating the reliability of the adopted mathematical model. As a result, the effect of the total mass of hammers exerting the impact interaction upon the material on the efficiency of the dispersion process during fractional preparation of the sinter mixture was determined. The design of the proposed new combined method for fastening hammers on the rotor’s suspension axis, aimed at improving the crushing complex and allowing to increase the product yield by raising the limestone crushing degree by 1.8–3.3 times has been theoretically and experimentally substantiated.

keywords Grinding, hammer crusher, hammer, limestone, degree of grinding, hammer design, multivariate experiment

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