Journals →  Gornyi Zhurnal →  2019 →  #5 →  Back

ArticleName Instrumental surveying monitoring of geomechanical processes in rock mass during hybrid mining
DOI 10.17580/gzh.2019.05.03
ArticleAuthor Dik Yu. A., Ivanov Yu. S., Koltsov P. V., Krasavin A. V.

Uralmekhanobr, Yekaterinburg, Russia:

Yu. A. Dik, Head of Mining Science Department, Candidate of Engineering Sciences
Yu. S. Ivanov, Leading Researcher, Pitwall Slope Stability and Rock Movement Laboratory
P. V. Koltsov, Head Pitwall Slope Stability and Rock Movement Laboratory, Candidate of Engineering Sciences


UMMC Technical University, Verkhnyaya Pyshma, Russia:
A. V. Krasavin, Head of Chair, Candidate of Engineering Sciences,


Hybrid open pit/underground mining considerably complicates geomechanical behavior of rocks in the work area, which can initiate hazardous deformations in mines and in adjacent surface infrastructure site. In this connection, it is highly important to implement comprehensive monitoring of geomechanical processes in the course of mining. The monitoring accuracy and operational efficiency largely improve through the use of modern technologies of instrumental surveying. The content, arrangement and efficiency of such monitoring are described in terms of hybrid mining of the Gaisky copper ore deposit.

keywords Gaisky deposit, hybrid mining technology, geomechanical monitoring, instrumental observation methods, modern measuring equipment

1. RD-06-174–97. Instruction on safe hybrid mining of metallic and nonmetallic fields. 2nd revised edition. Moscow : NTs PB, 2011. Series 06. Safety, supervision and permission activity in mining industry. Iss. 4. 28 p.
2. Guidance for observation of edge, slope and dump deformations on pits and for development of operations for their provision and stability. Leningrad, 1971. 187 p.
3. Instruction on observations of rock and earth surface movement during the underground mining of ore deposits. Moscow : Nedra, 1988. 112 p.
4. Temporary methodical regulations for control of pit edge stability in non-ferrous metallurgy. Moscow : Ministerstvo tsvetnoy metallurgii SSSR, 1989. 128 p.
5. Instructional Guidelines on Pitwall and Dump Deformation Monitoring, Interpretation and Stability Prediction. Leningrad : VNIMI, 1987. 118 p.
6. Kaplunov D. R., Kalmykov V. N., Rylnikova M. V. Combined geotechnology. Moscow : Ore and Metals Publishing House, 2003. 560 p.
7. Kaplunov D. R., Rylnikova M. V. Combined mining of ore deposits. Moscow : Gornaya kniga, 2012. 344 p.
8. Rylnikova M. V., Krasavin A. V., Petrova O. V. Procedure for determining hybrid mining parameters for copper-sulphide ore deposits. GIAB. 2004. No. 6. pp. 249–253.
9. Iofis M. A., Rylnikova M. V. Problems of geomechanical provision of combined geotechnology. Combined geotechnology: scales and prospects of application : materials of international scientific and technical conference. Magnitogorsk : Izdatelstvo Magnitogorskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta, 2005. pp. 88–89.
10. Read J., Stacey P. (Eds.). Guidelines for open pit slope design. Translated from English. Ekaterinburg : Pravoved, 2015. 544 p.
11. Lyashenko V. I. Instrument and methodical and technical ensuring geomechanical safety of mining operations under water objects. Marksheyderskiy vestnik. 2016. No. 5. pp. 37–43.
12. Rakhatkulov D. Kh., Vystrchil M. G. Mine surveying pit mining using lidar systems. Marksheyderskiy vestnik. 2016. No. 4. pp. 23–25.
13. Chen G., Cheng X., Chen W., Li X., Chen L. GPS-based slope monitoring systems and their applications in transition mining from open-pit to underground. International Journal of Mining and Mineral Engineering. 2014. Vol. 5, No. 2. pp. 152–163.
14. Wang N., Wan B. H., Zhang P., Du X. L. Analysis on deformation development of open-pit slope under the influence of underground mining. Legislation, Technology and Practice of Mine Land Reclamation : Proceedings of the Beijing International Symposium on Land Reclamation and Ecological Restoration. London : Taylor & Francis Group, 2015. pp. 53–58.
15. Erica Ma, Yongqi Chen, Xiaoli Ding. Monitoring of slope stability by using global positioning system (GPS). Hong Kong : Hong Kong Polytechnic University, 2001. pp. 298–310.
16. Ragheb A. E., Edwards S. J., Clarke P. J. Using Filtered and Semi-Continuous High Rate GPS for Monitoring Deformations. Journal of Surveying Engineering. 2010. Vol. 136, Iss. 2. pp. 72–79.
17. Sokolov A. G., Pospelov A. A., Davydov D. A. Gaisky copper deposit : Geology and prospects. Science and Education – Fundamentals, Technologies, Innovations : International Conference Proceedings. Orenburg, 2015. pp. 92–97.
18. Isargapova A. R., Battalova R. R. Development prospects for Gaisky GOK in the Orenburg Region. 50 years of service for the economic science : Collection of scientific papers. Ufa : Izdatelstvo Bashkirskogo gosudarstvennogo agrarnogo universiteta, 2014. pp. 228–230.
19. Kalmykov V. N., Neugomonov S. S., Kotik M. V., Akhmetov A. A., Popov P. G. Effect of depth of the mining on parameters of breaking ore on the example of Gai mine. Conditions of Sustainable Development in the Mineral Mining Industry of Russia. Moscow : Gornaya kniga, 2014. Iss. 1. pp. 79–85.
20. Bin Liang, Chong Yue, Xuhui Chen, Bing Wang, Xingkai Sun. The study of deformation monitoring based on the ground three-dimensional laser scanning technology. Advanced Materials Research. 2014. Vol. 1022. pp. 387–391.
21. Kovanič Ľ., Blišťan P. Quarry wall stability assessment using TLS method. Advanced Materials Research. 2014. Vol. 1044–1045. pp. 603–606.

Language of full-text russian
Full content Buy