Журналы →  Gornyi Zhurnal →  2019 →  №3 →  Назад

NATURAL RESOURCES OF KARELIA
Название Raw materials base of Preсambrian rare metals in Karelia: Current conditions and development prospects
DOI 10.17580/gzh.2019.03.08
Автор Ivashchenko V. I.
Информация об авторе

Institute of Geology, Karelian Research Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, Petrozavodsk, Russia:

V. I. Ivashchenko, Leading Researcher, Candidate of Geologo-Mineralogical Sciences, ivashche@krc.karelia.ru

Реферат

Current condition and growth prospects of raw materials base of Preсambrian rare metals in the Republic of Karelia are assessed. Classification results of Karelian formations of rare metals are presented. It is found that the territory of Karelia, considering the available geological knowledge on rare metal mineralization and the global market trends, is promising in terms of V, In, Re, U, Nb and Be reserves. Additional research, exploration and appraisal have added the raw materials base on the Republic with scandium, yttrium and lithium group rare earths. The basic terms of development of the rare metals base in Karelia are: for vanadium and rhenium — development of mineral deposits; for indium — expansion of consuming branches of industry. It is mentioned that the Republic of Karelia is one of the most promising and investment-attractive regions for industrial production of indium and vanadium in Russia. Expansion of rare metals base requires integrated research–exploitation–appraisal in close cooperation with geological agencies and supervising governmental authorities.

Ключевые слова Karelia, Preсambrian, Fenno-Scandinavian Shield, minerageny, rare metals, indium, vanadium, scandium, rhenium, lithium, niobium, berrilium, uranium
Библиографический список

1. Drobot D. V., Buslaeva T. M. Rare and platinum metals in the 20th–21st century. Rossiyskiy khmicheskiy zhurnal. 2001. Vol. XLV, No. 2. pp. 46–55.
2. Tverdokhlebova T. V., Usova E. A. International and Russian market of rare metals: current state and perspectives of development. Problemy sovremennoy ekonomiki. 2011. No. 4. pp. 102–105.
3. Yanfei Xiao, Zongyu Feng, Guhua Hu, Li Huang, Xiaowei Huang et al. Reduction leaching of rare earth from ion-adsorption type rare earths ore with ferrous sulfate. Journal of Rare Earths. 2016. Vol. 34, Iss. 9. pp. 917–923.
4. Bykhovsky L. Z. Existing, potential and promising sources of rare earth minerals in Russia. Mineralnye resursy Rossii. Ekonomika i upravlenie. 2014. No. 4. pp. 2–8.
5. Ivashchenko V. I. Main types of rare-metal mineralization in Karelia. Geology of Ore Deposits. 2016. Vol. 58, Iss. 2. pp. 166–171.
6. Mikhailov V. P., Aminov V. N. (Eds.). Mineral and raw material base of the Republic Karelia. Petrozavodsk : Kareliya, 2006. Book 2: Non-metallic mineral resources. Underground waters and medical muds. 356 p.
7. Trofimov N. N., Golubev A. I. Pudozhgorskoe noble-metal titanim–magnetite deposit. Petrozavodsk : KarNTs RAN, 2008. 123 p.
8. Kopkova E. K., Gromov P. B., Shchelokova E. A. Promising trends in processing of Karelian vanadiumbearing titanium–magnetite. Nonferrous Metals of Siberia : I International Congress Proceedings. Karsnoyarsk, 2009. pp. 380–383.
9. Ruchyov A. M. Karelian garnet as a promising source of scandium and rare-earth metals. Trudy Karelskogo nauchnogo tsentra Rossiyskoy akademii nauk. Ser.: Geologiya dokembriya. 2017. No. 11. pp. 30–42.
10. Cathelineau M., Talbot J.-Y., Boiron M.-C., Gaillard N., Cuney M. et al. The atypical Au-(U)-calc-silicate hosted mineralization of Rompas (Northern Finland): fluid-rock interactions and ore genesis. Mineral deposit research for a high-tech world : Proceedings of the 12th SGA Biennial Meeting. Uppsala, 2013. Vol. 4. pp. 1626–1629.
11. Grebenkin N. A., Ledeneva N. V., Philippov N. B., Zhitnikov V. A., Litvinenko V. I. Peculiarities of the uranium-gold occurrences at Rompas group and Palokas site (Northern Finland). Razvedka i okhrana nedr. 2015. No. 5. pp. 11–17.
12. Verplanck P. L., Hitzman M. W. Rare Earth and Critical Elements in Ore Deposits : Reviews in Economic Geology. Littleton : Society of Economic Geologists, 2016. Vol. 18. 365 p.
13. Orlov V. P. (Ed.). Mineral raw materials : reference book. Moscow : Geoinformmark, 1999. 302 p.
14. Bavlov V. N., Komin M. F., Usova T. Yu. Program of studying and reproducing raw materials base of rare metakls in Russia. Razvedka i okhrana nedr. 2006. No. 9-10. pp. 6–13.
15. Seredin V. V. A new method for primary evaluation of the outlook for rare earth element ores. Geology of Ore Deposits. 2010. Vol. 52, Iss 5. pp. 428–433.
16. Bortnikov N. S., Volkov A. V., Galyamov A. L., Vikentev I. V., Aristov V. V. et al. Mineral resources of high-tech metals in Russia: State of the art and outlook. Geology of Ore Deposits. 2016. Vol. 58, Iss. 2. pp. 83–103.
17. Rasilainen K., Eilu P., Ahtola T., Halkoaho T., Kärkkäinen N. et al. Quantitative assessment of undiscovered resources in lithium–caesium–tantalum pegmatite-hosted deposits in Finland. Geological Survey of Finland. 2018. Bulletin 406. 172 p.
18. Bogachev V. A., Petrov S. V., Pshenichnikova E. P., Filippov N. B. Osmium and rhenium in molybdenite of garnet–porphyrite mineralizations in Karelia. Mineral. 1999. No. 1. pp. 13–15.
19. Kalinin A. A., Savchenko E. E., Selivanova E. A. Se and Te mineralization in albitites and prospects of the metasomatites for Au, Salla-Kuolajarvi belt, Northern Karelia. Doklady Earth Sciences. 2014. Vol. 455, Iss. 1. pp. 229–232.
20. Ivashchenko V. I., Valkama M., Sundblad K., Golubev A. I., Alekseev V. Yu. New Data on Mineralogy and Metallogeny of Scarns in the Pitkyaranta Ore Region. Doklady Earth Sciences. 2011. Vol. 440, Iss. 1. pp. 1307–1311.
21. Alfantazi A. M., Moskalyk R. R. Processing of indium: a review. Minerals Engineering. 2003. Vol. 16, Iss. 8. pp. 687–694.
22. Gaskov I. V., Pavlova G. A., Vladimirov A. G., Gvozdev V. I. Indium and other associated elements in complex porphyrite and tin–sulphide ore deposits of Siberia and Far East. Noble, Rare and Radioactive Elements in Ore-Forming Systsmes : Proceedings of All-Russian Scientific Conference with International Participation. Novosibirsk : INGG SO RAN, 2014. pp. 156–162.
23. Mineral Commodity Summaries 2015. U.S. Geological Survey, 2015. Available at: https://www.fairphone.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/mcs2015.pdf (accessed: 19.09.2018).
24. Sklyarova G. F. On the integrated use of rare metals ores on the Far East of Russian Federation. Izvestiya vuzov. Gornyi zhurnal. 2011. No. 5. pp. 27–31.

Language of full-text русский
Полный текст статьи Получить
Назад