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ArticleName Metallic minerals of Azerbaijan
DOI 10.17580/gzh.2019.01.17
ArticleAuthor Efendieva Z. J.

Azerbaijan State Oil and Industry University, Baku, Azerbaijan:

Z. J. Efendieva, Associate Professor, Candidate of Engineering Sciences,


Azerbaijan is rich in metallic, nonmetallic and fossil fuel minerals. Nonmetallics and metallics are widely spread in the Lesser and Greater Caucasus, fossil fuels occur in the valleys of the South Caspian basin. Metallic minerals include ores of basic, nonferrous, alloy, noble and rare metals. Ferrous industry involves mining and processing of iron ore, iron smelting and steel making, manufacture of rolled products and ferroalloys. The largest centers of the ferrous metallurgy in Azerbaijan are Baku, Sumgait and Dashkesan. Nearby the Dashkesan iron ore field, a mining and processing integrated works is operating. It sends concentrates to an ironworks at Rustavi, Georgia. The Sumgait pipe plant manufactures rolled metal products. Azerbaijan’s ferrous industry development is greatly contributed to by the Dashsalakhlin deposit of bentonite used in steel making. Rapid advance in the nonferrous industry of the country is possible thanks to sufficient resources of copper, lead, zinc and alunite. The nonferrous metallurgy is represented by the Sumgait and Gyandzha aluminum works, Baku and Gyandzha nonferrous metal processing works, as well as the Sumgait rolled aluminum works. Considerable resources of complex ore (Cu, Pb and Zn) are concentrated in the Filizchai deposit on the south slope of the Greater Caucasus, as well as in the Nakhichevan and Mekhman deposits in the region of the Karabakh Mountain. The first-listed deposit is unique both in terms of ore resources and composition of concentrate. Alongside with basic ore-forming minerals, this ore contains tens of elements of commercial value (Ag, Au, Ni, Co, Ga, Сd, Ti, Pb), the best portion of which are recoverable using the current level technologies. At the present time, the top suppliers of the nonferrous metallurgy in Azerbaijan are the Zaglik deposit of alunite, Paragchai deposit of molybdenum and Filizchai group of deposits of polymetal sulphide ore.

keywords Azerbaijan, minerals, deposit, mineral raw materials, basic metals, nonferrous metals, iron ore, alunite-bearing ore, copper ore

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